75 things to know about the Masters

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9:49:20 AM ET. 04/20/2014




PosNameTodayThruScore
1Luke DonaldE -8
2John HuhE -6
T3Charl SchwartzelE -5
T3Nicholas ThompsonE -5
T3Jim FurykE -5
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1934 – First tournament played with the nines in reverse, then switched to current format the following year because of frost delay

1934 – Horton Smith wins the first Augusta National Invitation Tournament with a score of 4-under 284

1934 – First radio broadcast

1934 – Club and tournament co-found Bobby Jones makes first tournament appearance since winning the Grand Slam in 1930

1934 – Ross Somerville records the first Masters hole-in-one with a mashie niblick at the 145-yard 16th

1935 – Gene Sarazen holes a 4-wood from 235 yards for an albatross 2 on the par-5 15th hole in the final round, a shot forever called “The Shot Heard Round the World”

1937 – Augusta National members first wear the single-breasted, single-vent green jacket so patrons could identify a reliable source of information

1939 – Tournament officially named The Masters

1940 – Lloyd Mangrum scores course-record 64 in opening round, a record which stands for 46 years

1941 – Craig Wood first wire-to-wire winner

1942 – Byron Nelson defeats Ben Hogan in the first Masters playoff

1943-1944 – Club closes during World War II

1947 – Jimmy Demaret becomes first golfer to break par in all four rounds

1947 – Magnolia Lane, the entrance to the club, is paved

1948 – Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, four years before being elected president of the United States, becomes a member at Augusta.

1948 – Frank Stranahan becomes first competitor to have his invitation to play rescinded

1949 – The green jacket is first awarded to the champion, Sam Snead

1950 – Jimmy Demaret becomes the first three-time Masters champion

1951 – Runner-up begins receiving a silver medal

1952 – Ben Hogan starts the Champions Dinner

1952 – Low amateur begins receiving a silver cup for his performance

1953 – Eisenhower Cabin built

1954 – Masters begins awarding crystal for holes-in-one, eagles and the day’s low score

1955 – The first bridge at Augusta National named for a player is dedicated to Gene Sarazen. The Sarazen Bridge runs over the water hazard in front of the green on the 15th hole, where he made double eagle in 1935.

1956 – First year of television coverage debuts on CBS with 10 immobilized cameras and hosted by Chris Schenkel

1956 – Ken Venturi shoots 66, the lowest round ever by an amateur

1957 – A 36-hole cut is introduced for the first time

1958 – Bridges dedicated to Ben Hogan and Byron Nelson. The Hogan Bridge crosses Rae’s Creek, taking golfers to the No. 12 green and the Nelson Bridge crosses Rae’s Creek, taking golfers to the No. 13 tee

1958 – “Amen Corner” – Nos. 11-13 – christened by writer Herbert Warren Wind in an article in Sports Illustrated

1959 – Art Wall becomes the first Masters champion to win with a birdie on the final hole

1960 – Sam Snead wins the inaugural Par-3 Contest, which becomes a Wednesday tradition

1960 – Telecast interview of champion with Clifford Roberts

1961 – Gary Player becomes the first non-American champion

1961 – Clubhouse reproduction introduced for permanent Masters Trophy

1961 – Charlie Coe shoots 281, the lowest amateur score for 72 holes

1963 – Jock Hutchinson and Fred McLeod begin the tradition of honorary starters

1964 – Arnold Palmer becomes the first four-time champion

1965 – Butler Cabin begins serving as television studio during broadcast

1965 – Gene Sarazen wears his Masters green jacket on an episode of Shell’s Wonderful World of Golf, earning him a harsh reprimand from Clifford Roberts, who tells him to wear it on Augusta’s grounds only

1966 – Jack Nicklaus helps himself into the green jacket as the first back-to-back champion

1967 – First golf broadcast in color

1967 – TV announcer Jack Whitaker banned from the broadcast booth for referring to the patrons in the 1966 playoff as a “mob”

1968 – Bob Goalby wins when Roberto De Vicenzo signs an incorrect scorecard showing a 4 on No. 17 instead of a birdie 3 to miss a playoff

1968 – Tournament co-founder Bobby Jones participates in his final champion’s ceremony on TV

1971 – At age 69, Bobby Jones dies of the spinal disease syringomyelia

1972 – Patron badge list closed and a waiting list established

1975 – Lee Elder becomes first African-American to play in the tournament

1975 – Johnny Miller scores a record 30 on the front nine in third round

1977 – Augusta National co-founder Clifford Roberts found dead on the banks of Augusta’s par-3 course from a self-inflicted gunshot wound

1977 – William H. Lane elected chairman and Hord W. Hardin elected vice-chairman of Augusta National Golf Club and the Masters

1978 – Silver Salver added as an award for the tournament runner-up

1979 – Fuzzy Zoeller wins the first sudden-death playoff

1980 – Seve Ballesteros becomes first European champion

1980 – Hord W. Hardin elected chairman

1981 – Gene Sarazen and Byron Nelson assume the role as honorary starter last filled in 1976

1981 – First Masters played on bentgrass greens

1982 – Craig Stadler defeats Dan Pohl in the tournament’s first one-hole playoff

1983 – Players given the option of using their own caddies for the first time

1984 – Sam Snead joins as an honorary starter

1986 – Jack Nicklaus win his record sixth Masters at age 46

1986 – Greg Norman and Nick Price both shoot tournament-record 63

1987 – Former scoreboard tournament operator Larry Mize chips-in to beat Greg Norman and Seve Ballesteros in sudden-death playoff and become the first Augusta native to win the title

1991 – Ron Townsend becomes first African-American member admitted

1991 – Jackson T. Stephens elected chairman

1992 – Marc Calcavecchia scores a record 29 on the back nine in the fourth round

1995 – Gary McCord removed from CBS’s coverage for saying the greens were so slick they looked as if they’d been “bikini waxed” and describing shots landing over the 17th green as ending up by the “body bags”

1995 – Ben Crenshaw wins his second Masters the same week he served as a pallbearer for famed instructor Harvey Penick

1995 – Plaque commemorating Arnold Palmer’s achievements at the Masters placed on new fountain at No. 16

1996 – Greg Norman blows the largest 54-hole lead, six shots

1996 – Masters Web site launched

1997 – Tiger Woods becomes first African-American winner, the youngest champion (21 years, 3 months, 14 days), and establishes a new 72-hole scoring record (270)

1998 – Mark O’Meara becomes the oldest first-time winner (41)

1998 – William “Hootie” Johnson elected chairman

1995 – Plaque commemorating Jack Nicklaus’ achievements at the Masters placed on new fountain between No. 16 and No. 17

1999 – "Second cut” of fairway increased on golf course

2001 – Toshi Izawa shoots 281, the lowest 72-hole score by a first-time contestant

2004 – Arnold Palmer plays in 50th consecutive and final Masters

2006 – Billy Payne elected tournament chairman

2007 – Arnold Palmer becomes the tournament’s seventh honorary starter

2007 – Zach Johnson ties the highest winning score (289)

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