Previous British Opens at Royal St. George's

Ben Curtis kisses the Claret Jug after winning the 2003 British Open

Ben Curtis kisses the Claret Jug after winning the 2003 British Open

SANDWICH, England — A capsule look at the previous 13 times the British Open has been held at Royal St. George's, which will host the 140th Open on July 14-17:

•••

1894 BRITISH OPEN

• Winner: J.H. Taylor

• Score: 326

• Runner-up: Douglas Rolland

• Margin: 5 shots

• First-place prize: 30 pounds

• Summary: In the first British Open held outside Scotland, Taylor won the first of his five championships and became the only player to win a four-round Open without ever breaking 80.

•••

1899 BRITISH OPEN

• Winner: Harry Vardon

• Score: 310

• Runner-up: Jack White

• Margin: 5 shots

• First-place prize: 30 pounds

• Summary: Vardon became the first player to go wire-to-wire in a 72-hole British Open. All but 28 players from the 101-man field withdrew after the first round. Vardon won for the third time in four years.

•••

1904 BRITISH OPEN

• Winner: Jack White

• Score: 296

• Runner-up: James Braid

• Margin: 1 shot

• First-place prize: 50 pounds

• Summary: For the first time, the Open was held over three days to ease congestion on the links. White, the runner-up at Royal St. George's the previous time, became the first player to break 70 and the first to break 300.

•••

1911 BRITISH OPEN

• Winner: Harry Vardon

• Score: 303

• Runner-up: Arnaud Massy

• Margin: Playoff

• First-place prize: 50 pounds

• Summary: Vardon won his fifth Open, and his second in a 36-hole playoff. Vardon was at 143 with one hole remaining, five shots clear, when Massy conceded.

•••

1922 BRITISH OPEN

• Winner: Walter Hagen

• Score: 300

• Runner-up: Jim Barnes, George Duncan

• Margin: 1 shot

• First-place prize: 75 pounds

• Summary: Hagen not only became the first American-born player to win the British Open, he became the first player to have won all three major champions. He won the U.S. Open in 1914 and 1919, and the PGA Championship in 1921.

•••

1928 BRITISH OPEN

• Winner: Walter Hagen

• Score: 292

• Runner-up: Gene Sarazen

• Margin: 2 shots

• First-place prize: 75 pounds

• Summary: Hagen and Sarazen, American-born rivals, were tied through 36 holes. Hagen closed with 72-72, each round one better than Sarazen. It was Hagen's 10th major and his third Open Championship, all of them won in England.

•••

1934 BRITISH OPEN

• Winner: Henry Cotton

• Score: 283

• Runner-up: Sidney Brews

• Margin: 5 shots

• First-place prize: 100 pounds

• Summary: Cotton ended a decade of American dominance by smashing the 36-hole and 54-hole records and tying the 72-hole record. His 65 in the second round remained a British Open record until Mark Hayes shot 63 in the second round at Turnberry in 1977.

•••

1938 BRITISH OPEN

• Winner: Reg Whitcombe

• Score: 295

• Runner-up: James Adams

• Margin: 2 shots

• First-place prize: 100 pounds

• Summary: The wind was so strong that the exhibition tent collapsed. Whitcombe closed with a 78 to atone for his runner-up finish the year before at Carnoustie.

•••

1949 BRITISH OPEN

• Winner: Bobby Locke

• Score: 283

• Runner-up: Harry Bradshaw

• Margin: Playoff

• First-place prize: 300 pounds

• Summary: Locke won the first of his four claret jugs after an epic battle with Bradshaw. Both closed with rounds of 68-70 on the last day to force a 36-hole playoff. The extra day was anticlimactic. Locke shot 135 and won by 12 shots.

•••

1981 BRITISH OPEN

• Winner: Bill Rogers

• Score: 276

• Runner-up: Bernhard Langer

• Margin: 4 shots

• First-place prize: 25,000 pounds

• Summary: In a return to Royal St. George's after a 32-year absence, Bill Rogers became only the fourth player to win his first tournament on a links course. He pulled ahead with middle rounds of 66-67 and beat Langer, who was 23 and playing only his fourth major.

•••

1985 BRITISH OPEN

• Winner: Sandy Lyle

• Score: 282

• Runner-up: Payne Stewart

• Margin: 1 shot

• First-place prize: 65,000 pounds

• Summary: Lyle won his first major, and thus became the first Scottish-born player since Tommy Armour in 1931 to win the Open.

•••

1993 BRITISH OPEN

• Winner: Greg Norman

• Score: 267

• Runner-up: Nick Faldo

• Margin: 2 shots

• First-place prize: 100,000 pounds

• Summary: Norman closed with a 64 in breezy conditions to beat rival Nick Faldo and capture his second claret jug after a week of low scoring. His 267 was the lowest score ever at a major. Faldo in the second round and Payne Stewart in the fourth round tied the major record with 63. Ernie Els, a 23-year-old South African, had all four rounds in the 60s and tied for sixth.

•••

2003 BRITISH OPEN

• Winner: Ben Curtis

• Score: 283

• Runners-up: Thomas Bjorn, Vijay Singh

• Margin: 1 shot

• First-place prize: 700,000 pounds

• Summary: Curtis became the first player since Francis Ouimet at the 1913 U.S. Open to win in his first start at a major championship. He closed with a 69, and an All-Star cast of contenders wilted in a tough final round. Thomas Bjorn had control until taking three shots to escape a greenside bunker on the 16th. Curtis, a PGA Tour rookie, was No. 396 in the world.

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